White collar crime ― a phrase used often by lawyers and nonlawyers alike ― is generally understood to involve any kind of financially motivated and nonviolent criminal activity. These offenses are often associated with the financial services, insurance, mortgage and banking sectors, but can also involve fraud related to state and federal assistance programs, mail fraud, gambling fraud, and tax crimes, just to name a few.
Several notable cases have garnered attention from the press, most of them involving some form of Ponzi scheme or insider trading. More recent prosecutions have focused on smaller-scale cases involving identity theft and credit card fraud. White collar cases are often very labor-intensive, primarily due to the vast amount of paperwork, documentation and data that are usually involved.
Charged With A White-Collar Crime? Don't Wait Around.
If you are under investigation for a white collar crime, or even if you have merely been accused by another person of defrauding them, don't wait for the hammer to fall. The focused and skilled team at Meshbesher & Associates has defended white collar criminal defendants from the ground up in state and federal courts. Call our Minneapolis office immediately at 612-332-2000 for a FREE consultation with one of our skilled attorneys. You can also reach us online.
Federal White Collar Offenses: The Basics
White collar and fraud offenses are often prosecuted by federal authorities ― as opposed to the state of Minnesota ― when there are interstate communications or transfers being made and/or when financial institutions are being affected, i.e., when wire fraud or mail fraud is present. Also, larger amounts of money typically need to be involved before federal authorities will take interest. For example, the U.S. Attorney's Office and other federal authorities will most often be responsible for the prosecution of wide-ranging Ponzi schemes, mortgage fraud schemes, Medicare/Medicaid fraud, food stamp fraud and securities fraud.
Among the many other distinctions between state and federal offenses, federal crimes generally carry penalties that are much more severe than their state counterparts ― with mandated prison sentences as opposed to possible work-release privileges or house arrest.
White Collar Crimes Under Minnesota Law
State-level white collar offenses are generally charged as theft offenses. In addition to traditional or stereotypical theft (taking the property of another person), theft offenses include the following behaviors:
- Obtaining title to property of another person or the services of another person through false representation (including issuance of bad checks or false promises to pay);
- Swindling another person to obtain property or services;
- Diverting corporate property or money for personal use; and
- Causing or authorizing a corporate entity to make a monetary distribution without authorization from the board.
The punishment for violation of a theft offense in Minnesota primarily depends upon the type, amount and value of the property at issue. Generally, the sentences prescribed by law are as follows:
- If the value of property is $500 or less, the offense is considered a misdemeanor and is punishable by a maximum 90-day jail sentence and/or a $1,000 fine.
- If the value of property is between $500 and $1,000, the offense is considered a gross misdemeanor and is punishable by a maximum jail sentence of one year and/or a $3,000 fine.
- If the value of property is between $1,000 and $5,000, the offense is considered a felony punishable by a maximum of five years in prison and/or a $10,000 fine.
- If the value of property is between $5,000 and $35,000, the offense is considered a felony punishable by a maximum of 10 years in prison and/or a $20,000 fine.
- If the value of property exceeds $35,000, the offense is considered a felony punishable by a maximum of 20 years in prison and/or a $100,000 fine.
Other, more specific examples of fraud offenses include, but are not limited to, counterfeiting checks, credit or debit-card theft, insurance or benefits fraud, identity theft, and computer theft or fraud. These specific offenses will typically have their own particular punishments prescribed by statute.
Ultimately, any act where financial gain is achieved through fraudulent or deceitful means is going to fall under the category of a white collar crime. Even if the money or property is returned to the rightful owner, you can still be charged and prosecuted for the intent to temporarily deprive another person of that property.